In specialized technical literature, the life of an engine is defined as the period of its service life before the first overhaul. The need for repair and wear can be determined by a number of signs. These include a decrease in power by 20-30%, the appearance of any extraneous sounds, knocks, differences in compression, increased fuel consumption, exceeding the consumption of engine oil by more than a liter per hundred kilometers. If the engine is still past its useful life, recycle the machine: https://scrap4cash.com.
There are several factors affecting the acceleration of depreciation. Among the basic ones are application of low-quality oil and fuel and untimely oil changes. This also includes untimely replacement of the air and fuel filter.
The reasons, influencing the wear, include procrastination of minor repairs of elements of the mechanism.
In addition, the accelerated wear can be caused by improper operation. In rare cases, manufacturing defects also influence wear.
However, the competent care in accordance with the technical regulations can prolong the service life by 10-15%.
The following operating peculiarities may shorten the replacement period:
Driving around town at low speeds at low speeds;
Short trips over short distances;
frequent idling in traffic jams, long idling;
in winter the engine does not warm up sufficiently, it is not brought up to operating temperature;
the vehicle is overloaded, e.g. carries heavy loads.
It is important to check the level with a dipstick, checking it at least once a week, as insufficient fluid greatly increases wear.
In addition, the oil should also be changed correctly, using only the traditional method of draining.
Use only the type of fuel recommended by the car manufacturer. The information can be found in the manual or on a sticker on the inside of the gas tank hatch.
Use of low-quality gasoline with a low octane rating will affect the detonation process. It creates soot, overheats the engine, fails the valves and pistons.
Also keep an eye on the fuel level, and experts advise against driving with the light on. Try to keep the tank at least half full.
Must meet the requirements of the car manufacturer. Keep an eye on the coolant level, do not replace it with water. Only high-quality antifreeze will provide optimum cooling and keep the system in good working order.
Significantly reduces the service life of the heart of the car by driving in abnormal modes. This includes both driving at high revolutions, sudden starts, braking, and excessively slow driving.
The middle range is optimal, when the tachometer needle stays at 2-2.5 thousand rpm, timely shifting of gears.
Timely elimination of engine faults
The appearance of extraneous sounds, knocking, unpleasant odors, leakage of fluids and other uncharacteristic symptoms should alert immediately. Often, failure of one part leads to malfunction of the whole mechanism, resulting in costly repairs.
Running-in of the engine
A new or overhauled engine needs a running-in period. The mechanism needs running-in, lapping. Control the speed, avoid increasing 3,000 rpm, drive smoothly, without sudden stops and starts.
The running-in period is 1500-2000 km. Neglecting the rules of running-in is fraught with loss of car power, increased oil and fuel consumption, and as a result – general engine wear.
Study the instruction
It is important for both beginners and professionals to know the mechanisms and units, their location, procedure of technical maintenance, because the technologies change and improve from year to year. Maintenance in accordance with the regulations is a guarantee of long and trouble-free operation.
Don’t use oil and fuel additives
Any additives and additives that are not recommended in the vehicle’s owner’s manual have questionable merit. This is especially true of oil additives, flushes, since a good oil already has everything you need in it.
Unregulated additives change the composition of the fluid already in the system, which leads to unpredictable consequences.
Regular replacement of consumables
Regular replacement of consumables – air, oil and fuel filters, spark plugs and wires – greatly extends the life of your engine.
The air filter provides clean air by participating in the combustion process of the fuel-air mixture. A dirty filter reduces the amount of incoming air, the engine does not get the mixture it needs, increasing fuel consumption, fouling and reducing service life.
Timely replacement of spark plugs and high-voltage power wires (after 20-30 thousand kilometers) ensures trouble-free operation of the ignition system.